WikiLeaks has provided us all with a great deal of news of late. The videos below provide the background story to the organisation and while disturbing at times, is quite simply a must watch.

The documentary is made by Swedish SVT, a television network that has been following Assange and Wikileaks since the summer of 2010. Reporters Jesper Huor and Bosse Lindquist travelled to the key countries where Wikileaks operates and managed to create this wonderful film.

Transcript:

0:00:03.879,0:00:19.879
>>Interviewer: It’s been reported that WikiLeaks
has released

0:00:21.439,0:00:25.249
more classified documents than the rest of
the world’s media

0:00:25.249,0:00:27.169
combined. Can that possibly be true?

0:00:27.169,0:00:31.899
>>Julian Assange: Yeah can it possibly be
true, it’s a worry isn’t it? That the rest

0:00:31.899,0:00:37.520
of the world’s media is doing such a bad job
that a little group of activists is able to

0:00:37.520,0:00:44.520
release more of that type of information than
the rest of the world has combined.

0:01:02.320,0:01:03.060
[Music]

0:01:03.060,0:01:07.860
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks have made public the
most extensive, classified, military and diplomatic

0:01:07.860,0:01:13.229
material ever. What they’ve released is challenging
and provoking governments with skeletons in

0:01:13.229,0:01:14.789
the cupboards all over the world.

0:01:14.789,0:01:20.049
>>Hillary Clinton: We should condemn the disclosure
of any classified information by individuals

0:01:20.049,0:01:21.340
and organizations.

0:01:21.340,0:01:25.520
>>Herbert Snorrason: The people who are in
power will not give that power away freely,

0:01:25.520,0:01:28.399
that is just unfortunately a fact of nature.

0:01:28.399,0:01:31.030
>>Geoff Morrell, spokesperson of the Pentagon:
The defense department demands that WikiLeaks

0:01:31.030,0:01:38.030
return immediately all versions of documents
obtained directly or indirectly from the Department

0:01:38.840,0:01:40.119
of Defense databases or records.

0:01:40.119,0:01:45.079
>>Narrator: It’s only now that the true story
behind the development of this closed organization

0:01:45.079,0:01:49.679
is coming to light, but while the world is
discussing whether Assange is a rapist or

0:01:49.679,0:01:53.509
a saint, WikiLeaks continue to pursue their
own political agenda.

0:01:53.509,0:02:00.509
>>Assange: Every release we do of material
has a second message and that is: we set examples.

0:02:01.899,0:02:07.090
If you engage in immoral, in unjust behavior,
it will be found out, it will be revealed

0:02:07.090,0:02:09.020
and you will suffer the consequences.

0:02:09.020,0:02:15.670
>>Narrator: What we have here is a new breed
of rebel, I.T. guerillas without a national

0:02:15.670,0:02:21.410
base, student digs, coffee bars and server
rooms, these are their command and control

0:02:21.410,0:02:25.280
centers spread all over the world and the
battle has already started.

0:02:25.280,0:02:32.280
>>Assange: The general in charge of 120 advanced
intelligence agency personnel targeting this

0:02:36.780,0:02:40.950
institution and its products.

0:02:40.950,0:02:46.150
[CAPTIONS BY OPERATION LEAKSPIN. HTTP:\/\/OPERATIONLEAKSPIN.ORG]

0:02:46.150,0:02:50.870
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks have become a global
force to be reckoned with in record time.

0:02:50.870,0:02:56.180
It may not be easy to grasp at first, but
the release of classified information is just

0:02:56.180,0:03:03.140
a small step in a long term political and
ideological battle, and that leaking classified

0:03:03.140,0:03:05.910
information is a weapon and not a means unto
itself.

0:03:05.910,0:03:12.020
>>Assange: The public has a right to know
materials and the historical record has a

0:03:12.020,0:03:19.020
right to have materials of diplomatic, political,
ethnic or historical significance. If something

0:03:20.610,0:03:24.870
is interfering with that process, we will
undo it.

0:03:24.870,0:03:29.460
>>Narrator: He’s been called The Scarlet Pimpernel
of the computer age. If one were to judge

0:03:29.460,0:03:33.800
him on his looks alone, you could call him
a chameleon given the frequency of his change

0:03:33.800,0:03:38.810
of hair styles during the six months we’ve
been following WikiLeaks. But if you look

0:03:38.810,0:03:43.020
under the surface you’ll soon discover that
Julian Assange has been revolting against

0:03:43.020,0:03:49.810
the powers that be for a long time. As a teenager
in Australia he called himself “Mendax” and

0:03:49.810,0:03:54.500
got a name for himself as a highly skilled
hacker. By the age of 21 he found himself

0:03:54.500,0:03:57.910
in court pleading guilty to some 20 different
charges of hacking.

0:03:57.910,0:04:04.910
>>Assange: Yeah, I mean we had a back door
in the US military security coordination center.

0:04:14.030,0:04:20.480
This is the peak security body controlling
Milnet, the US military internet. We had total

0:04:20.480,0:04:20.870
control of this for two years.

0:04:20.870,0:04:22.900
>>Journalist: The US space agency, NASA is
one of the victims of the melvin??? computer

0:04:22.900,0:04:28.290
hacking syndicate. American investigators
including the FBI contacted Australian authorities

0:04:28.290,0:04:29.139
with their suspicions.

0:04:29.139,0:04:33.540
>>Second Journalist: The court was told the
man even tampered with the police investigation

0:04:33.540,0:04:35.389
into hacking of the ANU.

0:04:35.389,0:04:40.410
>>Narrator: The judge seeing Assange as just
an inquisitive young man, fined him a symbolic

0:04:40.410,0:04:45.780
sum and released him, however the trial added
further fuel to Assange’s feelings about the

0:04:45.780,0:04:50.680
importance of unrestricted information. Together
with some friends he sets up one of Australia’s

0:04:50.680,0:04:56.500
first internet suppliers and gives people
with politically sensitive viewpoints a platform

0:04:56.500,0:05:01.100
from which to publish their opinions, but
when one of his customers publishes secret

0:05:01.100,0:05:04.380
Scientology manuals this prompts aggressive
efforts to censor him.

0:05:04.380,0:05:11.380
>>Assange: Moxon and Kobrin, one of the lawyers
for scientology in California sent me letters

0:05:11.870,0:05:18.040
trying to attack us and they ended up hiring
a private investigator to try and track me

0:05:18.040,0:05:25.040
down, who did manage to get hold of my silent
telephone line and called me up and just as

0:05:25.350,0:05:29.310
a sort of threatening maneuver, I ended up
tracking down how they did that.

0:05:29.310,0:05:35.400
>>Narrator: Those efforts to censor the site
strengthen his conviction that something has

0:05:35.400,0:05:39.770
to be done against those withholding important
information from the public at large.

0:05:39.770,0:05:46.770
>>Assange: What the problem was, they needed
to use more actions that created positive

0:05:50.060,0:05:57.060
reform effect, more actions that would adjust
and corrective to injustice.

0:05:57.169,0:06:04.020
>>Narrator: Assange sees disclosures as a
preventative instrument, it warns those involved

0:06:04.020,0:06:08.900
in morally questionable or criminal acts that
they’ll be found out and will have to face

0:06:08.900,0:06:09.650
consequences.

0:06:09.650,0:06:16.650
>>Assange: I understood the significance of
disclosures for quite some time, I mean I

0:06:17.710,0:06:20.190
registered [wiki]leaks.org in 1999.

0:06:20.190,0:06:25.680
>>Narrator: In 2006, Assange and a group of
like-minded people start building up a special

0:06:25.680,0:06:31.080
internet service wikileaks.org exclusively
for people wishing to blow the whistle on

0:06:31.080,0:06:37.550
abuse of power. His fellow conspirators comprised
of hackers and mathematicians, they’re located

0:06:37.550,0:06:43.110
around the world and communicate via a restricted
mailing list. From this platform they start

0:06:43.110,0:06:48.710
defining their thoughts of building up a worldwide
movement to mass publicize classified information.

0:06:48.710,0:06:53.340
They affirm that this is the most cost effective
political weapon and that they intend to place

0:06:53.340,0:06:56.020
a new star on the political firmament of man.

0:06:56.020,0:07:03.020
>>Assange: Any reform that is large scale
must be based upon information because, what

0:07:05.800,0:07:10.070
else can spread other than viruses only information
can spread and achieve large scale reform.

0:07:10.070,0:07:14.919
>>Narrator: Inspired by Wikipedia, WikiLeaks
distribute the leaked information to anonymous

0:07:14.919,0:07:21.000
volunteers to check its authenticity and eliminate
any traces of the sender’s identity. It turns

0:07:21.000,0:07:25.639
out that the majority of the general public
has neither the time, interest or resources

0:07:25.639,0:07:29.340
to analyze WikiLeaks’ material but there are
professionals to turn to.

0:07:29.340,0:07:36.340
>>Assange: In 2006 we hoped that the general
public would write analysis articles collaboratively

0:07:40.419,0:07:43.460
and [this proved] not at all true.

0:07:43.460,0:07:47.040
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks had come to the conclusion
that media are the only channels that have

0:07:47.040,0:07:54.040
the resources and motivation required to create
a real impact. In 2007, WikiLeaks in association

0:07:54.650,0:07:59.050
with the British daily newspaper, The Guardian,
published evidence of former president Daniel

0:07:59.050,0:08:06.050
rap Moi having embezzled massive sums from
Kenyan state funds. Shortly after that they

0:08:07.820,0:08:14.820
release a report about the Kenyan police’s
use of death patrols. This disclosure causes

0:08:17.139,0:08:22.820
a great stir, but as an organization, WikiLeaks
continue to remain unknown to the general

0:08:22.820,0:08:28.229
public, however the word spreads among activists
far and wide on the net, eventually reaching

0:08:28.229,0:08:33.009
the German Chaos Computer Club, the biggest
and oldest club for hackers in the world.

0:08:33.009,0:08:39.979
>>Daniel Domscheit-Berg: I heard about it
in late 2007 from a couple of friends. I started

0:08:39.979,0:08:46.580
reading a bit more but I started to understand
the value of such a project to society.

0:08:46.580,0:08:53.050
>>Narrator: The political engaged chaos computer
club has been fighting a long-term battle

0:08:53.050,0:08:57.960
for free access to information. One of its
members, Daniel Domscheit-Berg is quick to

0:08:57.960,0:09:03.040
recognize the common ground between his view
of society and that of WikiLeaks. He quits

0:09:03.040,0:09:07.430
his job as a computer consultant so as to
devote all of his to the new organization.

0:09:07.430,0:09:14.430
>>Daniel Domscheit-Berg: The question is the
attitude. What attitude do you have to society.

0:09:14.880,0:09:21.430
Do you, do you look at what there is and you
accept that as god given, or do you see society

0:09:21.430,0:09:26.589
as something where you identify a problem
and you find a creative solution for that

0:09:26.589,0:09:33.230
problem. So it is a matter of are you a spectator
or are you actively participating in… in

0:09:33.230,0:09:33.680
society.

0:09:33.680,0:09:37.600
>>Narrator: The computer club has put the
skills of some of the sharpest hacking talents

0:09:37.600,0:09:43.390
in the world at WikiLeaks disposal. What’s
needed now is a physical haven. Hackers linked

0:09:43.390,0:09:48.380
to the Swedish file-sharing site Pirate Bay
have what they need. Considerable technical

0:09:48.380,0:09:51.830
skills in a place where freedom of speech
is unusually free.

0:09:51.830,0:09:56.790
>>Daniel Domscheit-Berg: A lot of the countries
of today’s world do not have really strong

0:09:56.790,0:10:03.790
laws for the media anymore. But.. a few countries
like for instance Belgium, also the United

0:10:03.810,0:10:09.950
States with the first amendment, and especially
for example Sweden have very strong laws protecting

0:10:09.950,0:10:16.540
the media and the work of investigative or
general journalists. So, from our perspective

0:10:16.540,0:10:22.890
this is something, if there’s any Swedes here,
you have to make sure that your country is

0:10:22.890,0:10:26.950
really one the strongholds of freedom of information.

0:10:26.950,0:10:33.950
>>Assange: Sweden has an enviable, although
far from perfect record in protecting publications.

0:10:38.360,0:10:45.360
It has a practical record within the past
few years of protecting internet publications

0:10:45.959,0:10:47.399
against censorship.

0:10:47.399,0:10:52.330
>>Narrator: And it’s precisely Sweden’s unique
freedom of speech laws that prompts WikiLeaks

0:10:52.330,0:10:57.200
to locate their main site in this unpretentious
basement, in one of Stockholms inner suburbs.

0:10:57.200,0:11:03.330
>>PRQ (Swedish ISP) Spokesperson: At first
they wanted to tunnel traffic through us to

0:11:03.330,0:11:10.330
bypass IP bans in places that don’t like WikiLeaks.
But later they put a server here.

0:11:11.839,0:11:17.500
>>Narrator: PRQ offer their customers total
secrecy. Their systems prevent anyone from

0:11:17.500,0:11:22.250
eavesdropping either WikiLeaks chat pages
or finding out who send what to who.

0:11:22.250,0:11:29.250
>>PRQ Spokesperson: We provide anonymity services,
VPN tunnels. A client connects to our server

0:11:30.029,0:11:32.850
and downloads information. If anyone at the
information’s source tries to trace them,

0:11:32.850,0:11:38.029
they can only get to us, and we don’t disclose
who was using that IP number.

0:11:38.029,0:11:45.029
>>Daniel Domscheit-Berg: PRQ have a track
record of being the hardest ISP you can find

0:11:53.029,0:11:57.760
in the world. There’s just no one else that
bothers less about lawyers harassing them

0:11:57.760,0:12:04.080
about content they’re hosting. And it’s just
the attitude that, let’s say, works very well

0:12:04.080,0:12:07.860
with what WikiLeaks was set out to do.

0:12:07.860,0:12:14.860
>>Narrator: One reason why WikiLeaks need
PRQ is that their operations are protected

0:12:17.430,0:12:23.120
by Sweden’s strict freedom of expression laws.
Laws which PRQ exploit to the full.

0:12:23.120,0:12:29.350
>>PRQ Spokesperson: We accept anything that
is legal under Swedish law, regardless of

0:12:29.350,0:12:36.350
how objectionable it is. We don’t make moral
judgments. This is a ticking information bomb,

0:12:40.410,0:12:47.410
instead of conventional weapons. Hopefully
this information can somehow stop some conventional

0:12:51.959,0:12:52.950
weapons.

0:12:52.950,0:12:58.180
>>Narrator: And we aren’t talking about any
old information. It’s from these servers,

0:12:58.180,0:13:03.899
at PRQ, that WikiLeaks has, for example, made
public a manual from the United States Guantanamo

0:13:03.899,0:13:05.140
bay detention center.

0:13:05.140,0:13:10.110
>>Journalist: A military manual leaked on
the Internet, is revealing details of the

0:13:10.110,0:13:15.170
way terror suspects are being treated at the
US naval base at Guantanamo bay in Cuba.

0:13:15.170,0:13:21.320
>>Narrator: It tells of the use of solitary
confinement and humiliation to break down

0:13:21.320,0:13:28.320
the detainees mentally. Human Rights Groups
have for years been asking the US administration

0:13:28.730,0:13:29.950
for access to this manual.

0:13:29.950,0:13:36.950
>>Assange: If you censor important material
of this type, we’re not just going to criticize

0:13:39.910,0:13:44.920
you. We’re going to take the material you’re
trying to censor, and we’re going to spray

0:13:44.920,0:13:50.050
it all over the world. And we’re going to
stick in our archives in a way that it’s never

0:13:50.050,0:13:53.490
going to disappear, encourage everyone to
get copies of it.

0:13:53.490,0:13:58.320
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks battle against censorship
knows no geographical frontiers. The next

0:13:58.320,0:14:03.779
step is to publish an internal report commissioned
by the multinational trading company Trafigura

0:14:03.779,0:14:09.230
who are alleged to have dumped toxic waste
in the Ivory Coast that caused tens of thousands

0:14:09.230,0:14:10.760
of people to seek medical care.

0:14:10.760,0:14:17.760
>>Assange: The Guardian newspaper was going
to produce a big story on this. And as a result,

0:14:18.180,0:14:25.180
they were gagged. The company obtained a secret
order, in court, to gag all the press in UK

0:14:28.329,0:14:35.079
from reporting anything related to the content
of that report and the fact that they had

0:14:35.079,0:14:36.040
been gagged.

0:14:36.040,0:14:40.579
>>Narrator: In the US, hackers discover that
the republican presidential candidate “Sarah

0:14:40.579,0:14:47.399
Palin” is apparently bypassing US transparency
laws by using a private email account to conduct

0:14:47.399,0:14:52.399
government business. WikiLeaks publishes her
messages.

0:14:52.399,0:14:59.399
>>Narrator: After just two years the sites
made public over a million secret documents.

0:15:00.300,0:15:06.110
But WikiLeaks as an organization that continues
to be largely shrouded in secrecy. Only Julian

0:15:06.110,0:15:10.820
Assange and Daniel Domscheit-Berg appear in
public, the latter under the pseudonym Schmitt.

0:15:10.820,0:15:16.970
>>Daniel Domscheit-Berg: Okay, Hello everybody
my name is Daniel Schmitt, this is Julian

0:15:16.970,0:15:21.920
Assange, we’re here to make a short presentation
about the WikiLeaks project. According to

0:15:21.920,0:15:25.820
The National, which is something that we are
kind of proud of… This is one of our last

0:15:25.820,0:15:30.750
quotes. The National has said that we have
produced more spooks in our short existence

0:15:30.750,0:15:36.889
than the Washington Post in the last 30 years.
[Applause]

0:15:36.889,0:15:43.889
>>Narrator: Their publication activities soon
lead to counter-attacks, when WikiLeaks released

0:15:44.810,0:15:49.769
lists of censored websites, internet service
providers in a number of countries including

0:15:49.769,0:15:56.769
Thailand, China, and Iran shut them down.
The more sensitive the material they publish,

0:15:57.560,0:16:04.490
the more often WikiLeaks becomes the object
of lawsuits and threats. WikiLeaks now attracts

0:16:04.490,0:16:09.660
the attention of the US Intelligence, who
in a classified report, claim the site is

0:16:09.660,0:16:14.510
a threat to national security, and suggest
ways of shutting it down.

0:16:14.510,0:16:21.170
Priority is put on finding the individuals
leaking the information. The U.S. Intelligence

0:16:21.170,0:16:25.750
however only managed to keep the report secret
a short while before it is leaked to WikiLeaks.

0:16:25.750,0:16:31.649
It now becomes obvious that WikiLeaks need
to find more and safer havens from which they

0:16:31.649,0:16:36.839
can publish their information. A sequence
of events now starts on an island in the middle

0:16:36.839,0:16:41.670
of the North Atlantic, which, while it leads
to more censorship efforts, would also create

0:16:41.670,0:16:43.470
new opportunities for WikiLeaks.

0:16:43.470,0:16:50.470
>>Smari McCarthy: October came, October 2008,
and the Icelandic banking system imploded,

0:16:58.389,0:17:05.389
it lost 17\/18th of its mass over the course
of about a week or two, it was essentially

0:17:06.880,0:17:08.770
one bank per week went bankrupt.

0:17:08.770,0:17:15.000
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks obtained material that
show how Icelandic catastrophic bank system

0:17:15.000,0:17:21.199
collapses were partly due to cronyism or favoritism,
careless and secretiveness. When this highly

0:17:21.199,0:17:25.079
detailed document is put out on the net, the
bank launches a counter-attack.

0:17:25.079,0:17:32.079
>>Kristinn Hrafnsson: Well, the first time
I ever heard of WikiLeaks was beginning August

0:17:34.140,0:17:41.140
2009. I was waking up to a report on (TV)
when I got a tip that this website had an

0:17:42.660,0:17:49.660
important document, just posted online. The
document was the high exposure loan book for

0:17:52.500,0:17:54.210
the failed Kaupthing bank.

0:17:54.210,0:18:00.950
>>Smari McCarthy: It was essentially “all
of the regulators had been derelict in their

0:18:00.950,0:18:07.220
duties, all of the bankers had been lying
about the actual state of affairs.”

0:18:07.220,0:18:12.990
>>Narrator: The bank’s management react in
panic to the revelations, and in a desperate

0:18:12.990,0:18:16.590
move, force the Icelandic judiciary to resort
to extreme measures.

0:18:16.590,0:18:21.980
>>Kristinn Hrafnsson: I was the first one
to actually break that story, but the bank

0:18:21.980,0:18:25.970
reacted in a manner that was quite interesting.

0:18:25.970,0:18:32.970
>>Kristinn Hrafnsson: They got a gag order
on the state television, actually the first

0:18:49.660,0:18:56.559
and only one in the history of Iceland state
news department.

0:18:56.559,0:19:03.559
>>Narrator: The leak lays bare the disastrous
effects of the cronyism inherant in Iceland.

0:19:07.900,0:19:14.900
>>Smari McCarthy: We had failed as a country
because we had not been sharing the information

0:19:15.980,0:19:20.549
that we needed. We were in the middle of an
information famine.

0:19:20.549,0:19:27.549
>>Herbert Snorrason: That sort of…. eventually
lead to this… let’s just get the WikiLeaks

0:19:29.340,0:19:36.340
people here, and when they were here, we just
went ‘hmm, ok, is there anything you want

0:19:36.340,0:19:39.830
us to do?’, and obviously there was.

0:19:39.830,0:19:46.830
[TV SHOW]
>>Host: Welcome to this program.

0:19:47.070,0:19:51.500
>>Assange: Thank you.
>>Host: You mentioned to me, a dream, that

0:19:51.500,0:19:56.290
we in Iceland should become a vanguard of
publishing freedom.

0:19:56.290,0:19:58.650
>>Assange: Absolutely, absolutely…

0:19:58.650,0:20:05.650
>>Birgitta Jonsdottir: And they were presenting
this idea which they call Switzerland of Banks,

0:20:06.160,0:20:13.160
which was basically to take the tax haven
model and transform to the transparency haven

0:20:13.919,0:20:14.169
model.

0:20:13.919,0:20:20.080
>>Assange, TV SHOW: Why doesn’t Iceland become
the center for publishing in the world? Because

0:20:20.080,0:20:20.770
it’s going to be…

0:20:20.770,0:20:25.190
>>Daniel Domscheit-Berg: Julian and I, we
were just throwing that idea out, just declaring

0:20:25.190,0:20:30.600
on national television that we thought this
was the next business model for Iceland, so

0:20:30.600,0:20:36.140
that felt pretty weird. Then realizing that
the next day that everyone wanted to talk

0:20:36.140,0:20:37.130
about it.

0:20:37.130,0:20:44.130
>>Assange: Iceland has seen some of the problems
that happen when society becomes too secret.

0:20:44.230,0:20:51.230
>>Smari McCarthy: WikiLeaks gave us the nudge
that we needed. We had had this idea but we

0:20:52.630,0:20:58.520
didn’t know what to do with it, and they came
and told us. And that is an incredible valuable

0:20:58.520,0:20:58.960
thing.

0:20:58.960,0:21:03.120
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks now teams up with Icelandic
activists and parliamentarian and together

0:21:03.120,0:21:07.390
drew up a proposal that would transform Iceland
into a haven for journalism.

0:21:07.390,0:21:14.390
>>Smari McCarthy: Herbert and I, [Inaudible],
and Julian Assange, the five of us sat in

0:21:16.370,0:21:23.370
this hotel room for about four or five hours
and wrote the entire proposal from scratch.

0:21:24.270,0:21:29.169
>>Narrator: The proposal is adopted unanimously
by Iceland’s Parliament.

0:21:29.169,0:21:35.850
>>Birgitta Jonsdottir: Just getting a bill
accepted in the Parliament is nearly impossible.

0:21:35.850,0:21:42.850
And this is a huge victory for the Parliament,
to have a proposal of this nature to pass

0:21:45.840,0:21:51.480
through the Parliament with everybody saying
yes.

0:21:51.480,0:21:58.390
>>Narrator: It’s also a victory for WikiLeaks,
who are now not only using disclosures as

0:21:58.390,0:22:04.350
a weapon, but also directly influencing freedom
of expression laws. The entire hacker world

0:22:04.350,0:22:09.169
behind WikiLeaks is growing increasingly confident
that their vision will lead to an improved

0:22:09.169,0:22:09.679
society.

0:22:09.679,0:22:16.090
>>Daniel Domscheit-Berg: I think people that
are dealing with systems, and technologically

0:22:16.090,0:22:21.610
oriented people are dealing with systems,
they understand systems pretty well. If you

0:22:21.610,0:22:28.120
look at society, that’s just yet another system,
people involved with WikiLeaks are exactly

0:22:28.120,0:22:35.120
the same as me and the other people who are
fighting this fight, and they are information

0:22:35.230,0:22:42.230
activists first and foremost. They believe
in the power of information, and power of

0:22:43.130,0:22:50.130
knowledge, and the importance of allowing
everybody to have both laws.

0:22:53.770,0:22:59.210
>>Narrator: Perhaps it’s similar convictions
that prompt a young former American hacker

0:22:59.210,0:23:03.950
to make one of the most crucial decisions
of his life. Bradley Manning, serving as an

0:23:03.950,0:23:10.220
intelligence analyst for the US army in Iraq
in early 2010 has, just like millions of other

0:23:10.220,0:23:16.150
Americans in the military or civil service,
access to a massive database of classified

0:23:16.150,0:23:22.330
information. He discovers indications of crime
and corruption and tells another hacker, Adrian

0:23:22.330,0:23:28.940
Lamo about it.

0:23:28.940,0:23:35.940
[Cell Phone Beeping]

0:23:46.159,0:23:53.159
>>Narrator: Manning writes that he sent hundreds
of thousands of military and diplomatic reports

0:23:56.270,0:24:02.860
to WikiLeaks, the biggest leak ever.

0:24:02.860,0:24:09.860
[Cell Phone Beeping]

0:24:16.900,0:24:23.900
>>Narrator: Manning puts his faith in WikiLeaks.
However, Lamo reports the chapter the military.

0:24:26.570,0:24:32.450
Manning now risks the fifty-two year jail
sentence. Many of the facts are still unclear.

0:24:32.450,0:24:37.950
One thing is certain: at this point in time,
WikiLeaks received documents for the same

0:24:37.950,0:24:40.909
materials that Manning is charged of having
leaked.

0:24:40.909,0:24:47.659
>>Assange: We make a commitment to our sources
that we will represent their material to the

0:24:47.659,0:24:54.659
public to the best of our ability. And achieve
maximum political impact for the risks that

0:24:55.700,0:24:56.419
they take.

0:24:56.419,0:25:00.659
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks are in possession of
explosive material. Too big, in fact for them

0:25:00.659,0:25:06.169
to handle alone. Assange decides to stake
all of his resources in one move.

0:25:06.169,0:25:13.169
>>Kristinn Hrafnsson: We were sitting in a
cafe and flipped open his laptop and told

0:25:17.470,0:25:24.470
me “Well, you’re going to see something interesting”.
I was quite shocked.This was something that

0:25:24.770,0:25:31.110
I recognized instantly as extremely important
and strong material.

0:25:31.110,0:25:36.179
>>Narrator: This is what the crew of an American
attack helicopter see while out on patrol

0:25:36.179,0:25:37.039
in Baghdad.

0:25:37.039,0:25:41.820
>>Soldiers on Helicopter Radio: See all those
people standing down there?

0:25:41.820,0:25:48.820
>>Narrator: There’s a group of men on the
street below. Two of them work for the international

0:25:48.919,0:25:55.919
news agency Reuters. The driver, Saeed Chmagh
and the Cameraman, Namir Noor-Eldeen.

0:25:58.740,0:26:05.740
>>Assange: What annoys me the most is when
people abuse their power and harm innocents,

0:26:07.039,0:26:12.309
and they didn’t actually need to do it.

0:26:12.309,0:26:19.309
>>Helicopter Transmissions:
– Hotel 26, this is Crazy Horse 18, have individuals

0:26:22.429,0:26:27.570
with weapons. Request permission to engage.
– Roger that, we have no personnel east of

0:26:27.570,0:26:27.820
our position.

0:26:27.770,0:26:29.240
>>Birgitta Jonsdottir: For me, person who
sent it and put so much effort into trying

0:26:29.240,0:26:36.240
to stop this war that at least, if this would
be shown to people, that it might give people

0:26:38.169,0:26:43.090
enough motivation to try to stop the next
one.

0:26:43.090,0:26:48.690
>>HELICOPTER TRANSMISSIONS:
– Alright, clear to engage.

0:26:48.690,0:26:48.960
– Roger, go ahead.
– I can’t get them now because they are behind

0:26:48.960,0:26:49.210
that building.

0:26:49.010,0:26:51.860
>>Kristinn Hrafnsson:
– What shocked me with the video was the high

0:26:51.860,0:26:57.830
resolution, the quality of it, the eh,
the excessive use of force to shoot people

0:26:57.830,0:27:04.830
with hollow thirty millimeter bullets designed
to penetrate armored vehicles and techs basically

0:27:05.429,0:27:06.450
shot to pieces.

0:27:06.450,0:27:09.159
>>HELICOPTER TRANSMISSIONS:
-Let me know when you get them.

0:27:09.159,0:27:11.650
-Will do.
-Light em’ all up.

0:27:11.650,0:27:16.809
-Cmon, fire!
-Roger.

0:27:16.809,0:27:23.700
[Machine Gun]
-Keep shooting.

0:27:23.700,0:27:30.580
[Machine Gun]
-Keep shooting.

0:27:30.580,0:27:37.470
[Machine Gun]
-Keep shooting!

0:27:37.470,0:27:40.909
[Machine Gun]

0:27:40.909,0:27:47.909
>>Assange: Different people argue that it
was right for the United State to be in Iraq,

0:27:48.980,0:27:54.940
or wrong to be in Iraq, but nonetheless in
this incident, even if you argue that it was

0:27:54.940,0:28:00.870
right for the United States to be in Iraq,
even if it was right for them to be in that

0:28:00.870,0:28:07.870
suburb, at that time, with a helicopter, overlooking
this wounded man crawling in the street. It

0:28:09.059,0:28:12.240
was not helpful for the United State for that
wounded crawling man to be shot.

0:28:12.240,0:28:19.240
>>HELICOPTER TRANSMISSIONS:
-We got one guy crawling around down there

0:28:21.370,0:28:25.230
[Censored Cuss Words]

0:28:25.230,0:28:30.220
>>Narrator: The Reuters employee, Saeed Chmagh
has been seriously wounded.

0:28:30.220,0:28:31.530
>>HELICOPTER TRANSMISSIONS:
– He’s getting up.

0:28:31.530,0:28:35.220
– Does he have any weapons in his hands?
– No I don’t see one yet.

0:28:35.220,0:28:38.809
>>Birgitta Jonsdottir: It’s very important
to offer a voice to the voiceless. Nobody

0:28:38.809,0:28:44.730
really believes the people on the ground when
they’re trying to tell what war crimes are

0:28:44.730,0:28:48.929
occurring.
So I offered to help with this in any way

0:28:48.929,0:28:51.080
possible.

0:28:51.080,0:28:58.080
>>HELICOPTER TRANSMISSIONS:
– Dispatcher, Crazy horse, we have individuals

0:29:02.809,0:29:06.230
going to the scene, possibly picking up bodies
and weapons.

0:29:06.230,0:29:10.330
– We need to stop that [inaudible] down there!!!
– Picking up the wounded.

0:29:10.330,0:29:13.070
– Requesting permission to engage.
– Command, what to shoot?

0:29:13.070,0:29:17.320
>>Narrator: A father driving his children
to school catches sight of the injured man

0:29:17.320,0:29:18.390
and stops to help him.

0:29:18.390,0:29:24.650
>>Helicopter Transmissions:
[garbled speech]

0:29:24.650,0:29:31.650
We have a black bongo truck, requesting permission
to engage.

0:29:33.760,0:29:39.429
Master 7, Roger. Repeat, Master 7, Roger.
Engage.

0:29:39.429,0:29:43.270
One-eight, engage. Clear.
Come on!

0:29:43.270,0:29:46.350
[machine gun fire]
Clear.

0:29:46.350,0:29:49.419
Clear.
[garbled radio transmission]

0:29:49.419,0:29:56.419
>>Assange: Why do it? Well, there are two
reasons. One: Because it’s fun to kill people.

0:29:59.539,0:30:04.150
If you’ve been in that environment, removed
from all the effects of killing people for

0:30:04.150,0:30:11.150
a long time. It’s a videogame, like in high
school. The other is they brag after a kill

0:30:13.020,0:30:18.929
streak. About how many people they killed,
and go back to base, and go, “Hey”, I killed

0:30:18.929,0:30:19.179
thirteen today.

0:30:18.950,0:30:20.409
>>Helicopter Transmissions:
Oh yeah, look at that, right through the windshield!

0:30:20.409,0:30:27.110
[laughs]
[garbled] …coming about 12-50…

0:30:27.110,0:30:34.110
Hey, look at those dead bastards.
Nice.

0:30:36.500,0:30:40.520
[garbled radio transmission]

0:30:40.520,0:30:44.960
>>Narrator: When the ground troops arrive,
they see that there are children in the car.

0:30:44.960,0:30:51.960
>>Soldier in Chopper: Well, it’s their fault
for bringing their kid into a battle.

0:30:54.679,0:30:55.169
– That’s right.

0:30:55.169,0:31:02.169
>>Kristinn Hrafnsson: After viewing the video
hundreds of times, it became almost an obsession,

0:31:02.700,0:31:07.700
to get the identity of the people there. When
you get the identity, of, of [Arab name] and

0:31:07.700,0:31:14.700
[Arab name]. But for me, it was important
to establish the identity of the other people

0:31:15.770,0:31:22.360
there, especially the children in the minivan,
we decided it was worthwhile to go there and

0:31:22.360,0:31:23.399
interview them.

0:31:23.399,0:31:29.750
>>Narrator: It turns out that the children
survived the attack. (REPORTER) flies to Baghdad

0:31:29.750,0:31:31.059
in search of more facts

0:31:31.059,0:31:38.059
>>Narrator: He traces the whereabouts of the
children, and shows the helicopter film to

0:31:48.470,0:31:49.179
the victims’ family.

0:31:49.179,0:31:51.110
[man crying]

0:31:51.110,0:31:58.110
>>Hrafnsson: I think we could fairly establish
very well from a journalistic point of view

0:32:05.299,0:32:11.960
the reason the minivan was there was basically
just a coincidence. The driver simply overlooked

0:32:11.960,0:32:18.960
seeing, he was probably just busy driving
his kids to school. [hard to transcribe]

0:32:30.240,0:32:37.240
>>Narrator: On the 5th of April, 2010, WikiLeaks
publishes the “Collateral Murder” film. The

0:32:40.659,0:32:42.820
impact is no less than extraordinary.

0:32:42.820,0:32:47.539
[Tape of news broadcast]
>>Journalist: Disturbing footage apparently

0:32:47.539,0:32:50.929
showing civilians being killed by the US military
in Iraq.

0:32:50.929,0:32:57.929
>>Other journalist: It was leaked from within
the defense community to a website.

0:32:59.059,0:33:06.059
>>Narrator: By putting all their resources
into the helicopter video, WikiLeaks have

0:33:09.049,0:33:13.940
managed to attract the attention of some of
the biggest players in the news business.

0:33:13.940,0:33:19.049
This is exactly what Assange needs to help
him handle the rest of the leaked U.S. material.

0:33:19.049,0:33:24.950
>>Assange: I had been looking at this release
and studying it and understand how to come

0:33:24.950,0:33:31.950
up with a way to deal with such a tremendously
large volume of material that would simply

0:33:33.899,0:33:36.970
not drown any one organization.

0:33:36.970,0:33:41.909
>>Narrator: Assange proceeds to contact the
New York Times, The Guardian, and Der Speigel.

0:33:41.909,0:33:46.510
He manages to persuade the chief editors of
these globally respected papers to publish

0:33:46.510,0:33:50.470
his material in a co-ordinated fashion, with
Assange pulling the strings.

0:33:50.470,0:33:57.470
>>Assange: What is new is us forcing cooperation
between competitive organizations that would

0:33:59.490,0:34:06.490
otherwise be rivals. To do the best by the
story, as opposed to just doing to best by

0:34:07.840,0:34:09.669
their own organization.

0:34:09.669,0:34:16.669
>>Narrator: In late July, 2010, the Afghanistan
reports are published at the same time and

0:34:18.799,0:34:20.789
day.

0:34:20.789,0:34:27.789
>>News Anchor: One of the biggest leaks in
US military history has exposed several cover-ups

0:34:29.459,0:34:31.049
over the war in Afghanistan.

0:34:31.049,0:34:37.669
>>Assange: The real story of this material
is that it’s war: it’s one damn thing after

0:34:37.669,0:34:38.190
another.

0:34:38.190,0:34:42.749
>>Narrator: The publication of the material
is met with praise, as well as strong criticism.

0:34:42.749,0:34:47.779
>>Geoff Morell, Pentagon Spokesman: The Defense
Department demands that WikiLeaks return immediately

0:34:47.779,0:34:54.779
to the US government all versions of documents
obtained directly or indirectly from the Department

0:34:55.039,0:34:56.329
of Defense’s databases or records.

0:34:56.329,0:35:00.609
>>Narrator: For the first time, WikiLeaks
are now facing criticism that they find hard

0:35:00.609,0:35:05.319
to respond to. The material includes the names
of civilian Afghanis, putting them at risk

0:35:05.319,0:35:06.709
of being targeted by the Taliban.

0:35:06.709,0:35:10.109
>>Robert Gates – US Defense Secretary: The
battlefield consequences of the release of

0:35:10.109,0:35:14.299
these documents are potentially severe and
dangerous.

0:35:14.299,0:35:16.039
>>Michael Mullen – US Chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff: Mr. Assange can say whatever

0:35:16.039,0:35:22.170
he wants about the “greater good” he thinks
he and his source are doing, but the truth

0:35:22.170,0:35:28.170
is they might already have on their hands
the blood of some young soldier or of an Afghan

0:35:28.170,0:35:28.660
family.

0:35:28.660,0:35:35.660
>>Narrator: Releasing classified material
can be very risky. But Assange says that the

0:35:36.700,0:35:38.549
end justifies the means.

0:35:38.549,0:35:45.349
>>Assange: We would have had to release all
of this material without seperating out any

0:35:45.349,0:35:52.349
of it, or release none. The value, the extraordinary
value, of this historic record of the progress

0:35:53.349,0:36:00.349
of that war and its potential to save lives
outweighs the danger to innocents.

0:36:01.640,0:36:06.369
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks now takes steps to avoid
making the same mistake again. In the next

0:36:06.369,0:36:11.619
publication, 400,000 military reports from
the Iraq war are painstakingly edited and

0:36:11.619,0:36:16.229
names removed. They also start reinforcing
their network of experienced journalists.

0:36:16.229,0:36:22.549
>>Woman: Hey.
Here are two… [garbled]

0:36:22.549,0:36:29.229
>>Narrator: Iain Overton is the editor of
the independent, London-based bureau of investigative

0:36:29.229,0:36:34.209
journalism who are now going to analyze the
material and produce their own documentaries.

0:36:34.209,0:36:38.569
>>Iain Overton, Editor-in-Chief TBIJ: There
was a rush of getting the best people we could

0:36:38.569,0:36:44.239
onboard. We drew up a team of twenty-five
people over a weekend and my phone went red-hot

0:36:44.239,0:36:45.640
from calling people.

0:36:45.640,0:36:52.640
>>James Ball: It was Saturday night, in the
middle of August, and about five or six of

0:36:53.150,0:36:58.069
us from the bureau met with Julian. And at
the end of the meeting I ended up leaving

0:36:58.069,0:37:05.069
the place with a USB stick full of (laugh)
400,000 classified military documents.

0:37:05.099,0:37:12.099
>>James Ball: The material is essentially
an encyclopedia of this war, with reports

0:37:12.269,0:37:16.069
issued day by day, hour by hour, corpse by
corpse.

0:37:16.069,0:37:21.690
>>James Ball: I absolutely have a feel that
these are the reports, written by people on

0:37:21.690,0:37:28.599
the ground straight afterwards. It’s kind
of the day to day war through their eyes.

0:37:28.599,0:37:35.599
And that’s new. We haven’t been able to do
that before, ever really.

0:37:37.559,0:37:42.789
>>Narrator: The material tells of tens of
thousands of civilian casualties, figures

0:37:42.789,0:37:49.729
that the US have withheld to date. And the
widespread practice of torture that the US

0:37:49.729,0:37:53.819
said they’d put a stop to is still being practiced
by their Iraqi allies.

0:37:53.819,0:38:00.819
>>Overton: I think there are stories, that
cause you, um, you know, to be filled with

0:38:06.950,0:38:07.219
grief.

0:38:07.219,0:38:14.219
>>James Ball: Some are incredibly heroing.
You do have children tortured to death or

0:38:16.930,0:38:22.549
shot in front of parents. It’s not material
you can read and not be affected by.

0:38:22.549,0:38:29.549
>>Overton: When I was reading the reports,
you read of a young American soldier writing

0:38:29.619,0:38:36.619
in a very, very bureaucratic, anodyne, sterile
way about a father who is driving his children,

0:38:41.339,0:38:48.339
to, back home and is going too fast. And they
open fire on the car. And the father, fearing

0:38:49.369,0:38:54.859
that the children will be hit, calls all the
children to lie on the floor. All of the children

0:38:54.859,0:39:01.859
are killed, his three children. And the way
it’s written up, it’s called an “escalation

0:39:08.749,0:39:15.749
of force”. Yeah, it’s not an escalation of
force, it’s a killing. It’s horrific.

0:39:30.549,0:39:36.569
[somber music :( ]

0:39:36.569,0:39:43.569
>>Overton: This isn’t anything truly new in
war. War is hell. Awful things happen. And

0:39:53.440,0:39:59.999
what these logs tell us is that war is hell.
They don’t hide from the truth. And they’re

0:39:59.999,0:40:06.869
not spun by a military spin doctor at all
in an air-conditioned conference room in the

0:40:06.869,0:40:13.869
green zone. This is visceral, unequivocal
death written in raw detail.

0:40:17.269,0:40:24.170
>>James Ball: 109,000 lives lost over the
course of these reports. We’re doing all we

0:40:24.170,0:40:30.769
can and this is something so huge that people
can and hopefully will study this data for

0:40:30.769,0:40:34.319
years. This is worth telling. This is worth
getting out there.

0:40:34.319,0:40:38.259
>>Narrator:
The lack of respect for human life runs like

0:40:38.259,0:40:45.259
a common thread throughout the material. These
images are of a helicopter crew who’ve just

0:40:45.630,0:40:49.989
received orders to bomb a building where three
enemy soldiers are thought to be hiding.

0:40:49.989,0:40:52.039
[Chopper video]
[static]

0:40:52.039,0:40:58.900
>>HELICOPTER TRANSMISSIONS:
…one-eight to put a missile in that building.

0:40:58.900,0:41:04.380
>>Narrator: A passerby suddenly turns up.
[missile fired]

0:41:04.380,0:41:10.309
But the crew doesn’t wait.
[explosion]

0:41:10.309,0:41:14.049
[static]
He fired the missile.

0:41:14.049,0:41:18.630
>>Narrator: The crew could have waited until
the man had passed. This is perhaps a measure

0:41:18.630,0:41:25.630
of how human life was valued in Baghdad. Private
cars being pursued by an attack helicopter.

0:41:34.339,0:41:38.170
The driver gets out of the car, and holds
his arms up in a gesture of surrender.

0:41:38.170,0:41:42.440
[explosion]

0:41:42.440,0:41:49.440
>>Narrator: The more horrific the discovery
the investigators in London make, the more

0:41:50.630,0:41:54.509
they get the feeling of being threatened.
It gradually becomes obvious that someone

0:41:54.509,0:41:55.690
is watching their office.

0:41:55.690,0:42:02.690
>>Overton: I do know that I’ve been listened
in to. Monitored. Um, by, forces, I don’t

0:42:03.539,0:42:08.839
know. I’ve recieved strange text messages
from anonymous sources. I’ve received death

0:42:08.839,0:42:14.880
threats, not very nice. Particularly the one
that talked about my children. That was a

0:42:14.880,0:42:15.759
bit unnecessary.

0:42:15.759,0:42:22.180
>>Assange: here’s a bit in the Washington
Post saying that our personnel should be kidnapped

0:42:22.180,0:42:29.180
from Europe, uh, our sources, one of which
source (???), executed similar statements

0:42:30.180,0:42:33.670
by right-wing members of the US Congress.

0:42:33.670,0:42:38.940
>>Narrator: In Washington, the influential
public figure Christian Whiton is agitating

0:42:38.940,0:42:44.009
for the indictment of WikiLeaks members, saying
they should be treated as terrorists.

0:42:44.009,0:42:46.489
>>Christian Whiton, Foreign Policy “Analyst”:
There also has to be a clear punishment for

0:42:46.489,0:42:50.809
people who engage in what I would consider
a form of espionage, a form of rogue political

0:42:50.809,0:42:57.809
warfare. It’s not an act of, uh, um journalism
or transparency, but an act of, um, political

0:42:58.420,0:42:59.039
war against us.

0:42:59.039,0:43:06.039
>>Narrator: The US ups its efforts to stop
WikiLeaks. The payment service provider MoneyBookers

0:43:06.339,0:43:11.880
close down WikiLeaks’ account. American hackers
suspected of having links to WikiLeaks are

0:43:11.880,0:43:15.039
detained, questioned, and have their computers
confiscated.

0:43:15.039,0:43:20.749
>>Whiton: At the end of the day, things involving
the web I think you find are less mysterious

0:43:20.749,0:43:26.969
and new than they meet the eye at first. If
you just go beyond, uh, I’d say the surface,

0:43:26.969,0:43:33.219
you’ll find umm, telecommunications companies
that are hosting the servers or hosting the

0:43:33.219,0:43:38.609
companies that in turn post this information
and have made this possible. You’ll find banks

0:43:38.609,0:43:44.719
that provide banking services to these people.
You will find landlord who provide rent to

0:43:44.719,0:43:49.979
the individuals involved. So, to that extent
I’m pretty sure you can peel back the onion

0:43:49.979,0:43:55.709
and find exactly what this organization is,
where it conducts its activities and which

0:43:55.709,0:43:58.400
jurisdiction it’s subject to most directly.

0:43:58.400,0:44:04.380
>>Narrator: However, the stronger the attacks,
the greater the support WikiLeaks receives.

0:44:04.380,0:44:08.759
Julian Assange has been without a fixed address
for several years, but wherever he lands,

0:44:08.759,0:44:13.289
activists are on hand to offer him a place
to sleep and their services free of charge.

0:44:13.289,0:44:19.229
>>Assange: People love the idea of a, um,
an ounce of control, an investigative journalist

0:44:19.229,0:44:21.640
who’s trying to take on governments. The story…

0:44:21.640,0:44:21.890
[Source Footage Unavailable]

0:44:21.640,0:44:21.890
————————————————————————————————————
Part 4

0:44:21.640,0:44:21.890
————————————————————————————————————

0:44:21.640,0:44:28.499
>>Overton: The story of some quasi romantic,
fleet of foot Scholar Campanella character

0:44:28.499,0:44:35.499
in the form of Julian Assange, darting in
the cyber shadows. It’s very, you know, appealing.

0:44:37.589,0:44:44.589
>>Assange: I am very pleased to be among so
many people I can respect. I don’t think I

0:44:45.959,0:44:46.359
have…

0:44:46.359,0:44:51.410
>>Narrator: Assange is an ideal media figure,
he has been portrayed as the lone ranger of

0:44:51.410,0:44:52.239
the information age.

0:44:52.239,0:44:59.239
[Text Messages]

0:44:59.549,0:45:06.549
>>Narrator: Praise and prizes have been poured
over WikiLeaks. TIME Magazine has included

0:45:07.989,0:45:11.009
Assange on a short list for the world’s most
influential man.

0:45:11.009,0:45:17.650
>>Assange: You should remember Solzhenitsyn’s’
words that in the right moment, one word of

0:45:17.650,0:45:20.809
truth outweighs the world.

0:45:20.809,0:45:27.809
>>Narrator: But all is not quite on the WikiLeaks
front. Assange is aware that the Iraqi material

0:45:29.619,0:45:36.619
that shortly to be released will generate
even more anger. In August he travels to Sweden.

0:45:36.809,0:45:41.049
He applies for a resident’s permit to obtain
the protection of the world’s most extensive

0:45:41.049,0:45:42.890
freedom of the press law.

0:45:42.890,0:45:49.890
>>Interview on Assange: Does this mean that
WikiLeaks is becoming even more Swedish?

0:45:56.309,0:45:59.019
>>Assange: I hope so.

0:45:59.019,0:46:03.349
>>Narrator: To start with, everything goes
well. Julian Assange is welcomed with open

0:46:03.349,0:46:08.259
arms. He’s invited to major political and
trade union venues. And there are calls that

0:46:08.259,0:46:10.449
he should be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

0:46:10.449,0:46:17.449
>>Narrator: A couple of days later the pictures
changes dramatically.

0:46:31.459,0:46:35.039
[Various news clips and jingles]

0:46:35.039,0:46:42.039
>>YT Clip: Swedish authorities have issued
an arrest warrant for WikiLeaks’ founder Julian

0:46:47.390,0:46:54.390
Assange. He’s accused of rape and molestation.

0:46:54.390,0:47:01.390
>>Narrator: On the 20th of August, Assange
is accused of rape. The alleged crime is immediately

0:47:02.469,0:47:09.289
leaked to the World Press. Behind the accusation
are two women who had casual relationships

0:47:09.289,0:47:14.989
with Assange. The women don’t make any public
statements. But the important evening paper

0:47:14.989,0:47:19.799
Aftonbladet publishes an anonymous interview
with one of them which states “that what started

0:47:19.799,0:47:25.180
as voluntarily sex subsequently became what
she described as abusive but she’s not afraid

0:47:25.180,0:47:26.670
of him and he’s not violent.”

0:47:26.670,0:47:30.160
[News clip in English]
>>Journalist: Julian Assange, the WikiLeaks

0:47:30.160,0:47:34.759
founder and the target of the rape allegations
joins me now on the line. Thank you so much

0:47:34.759,0:47:37.400
for speaking to us Mr. Assange. What do you
think about this?

0:47:37.400,0:47:41.059
>>Assange: Clearly, clearly, it is a smear
campaign of some kind.

0:47:41.059,0:47:48.059
>>Assange: Well I came to Sweden as a refugee,
uhm, a refugee publisher involved with an

0:47:50.209,0:47:55.709
extrordinary publishing fight with the pentagon
where our people were being retained. Where

0:47:55.709,0:48:02.709
there is an attempt to prosecute me for espionage.
So, I’m unhappy and disappointed with how

0:48:06.150,0:48:09.829
the Swedish justice system has been abused.

0:48:09.829,0:48:16.829
>>Narrator: Assange says he never forced anyone
to have sex and that the judicial system has

0:48:16.869,0:48:22.380
been misused. He implies that he is a victim
of personal revenge and US pressure.

0:48:22.380,0:48:29.229
>>Birgitta Jonsdottir: That troubled a lot
of us that had worked with the Organization.

0:48:29.229,0:48:35.609
The way this case was mixed with WikiLeaks.
The way of course there must’ve been a party

0:48:35.609,0:48:40.930
at the American embassy in Sweden when they
read this news. Like “Yes, we don’t have to

0:48:40.930,0:48:43.549
do anything except to just pass this on.”

0:48:43.549,0:48:50.269
>>Narrator: But whatever the truth is, a shadow
is now being cast not only on his, but also

0:48:50.269,0:48:57.269
WikiLeaks’ name. The rape allegations lead
to a storm of protests from WikiLeaks.

0:48:57.569,0:49:04.569
>>Birgitta Jonsdottir: WikiLeaks has become,
uhm, the sensation because the two last big

0:49:06.130,0:49:10.880
scoops and the only scoops that have been
actually played into the hands of the mainstream

0:49:10.880,0:49:17.880
media are WikiLeaks vs the US or Julian Assange
vs the Pentagon. This is not what WikiLeaks

0:49:20.569,0:49:25.789
is about. It is a site that focuses on all
sorts of leaks from all over the world.

0:49:25.789,0:49:31.719
>>Daniel Bormscheit-Berg: It has weakened
the organization. That is my perception. Too

0:49:31.719,0:49:37.289
much focused on one person and one person
is always weaker than an organization.

0:49:37.289,0:49:42.819
>>Narrator: The difference of opinion began
when Assange decided to put all of WIkiLeaks

0:49:42.819,0:49:47.739
resources into the giant American disclosures.
And it has now grown into a serious source

0:49:47.739,0:49:50.689
of discontent regarding how the organization
should be run.

0:49:50.689,0:49:57.689
>>Daniel Bormscheit-Berg: I think the wisest
thing to do, would’ve been to, to do this

0:49:58.229,0:50:04.459
slowly step by step to grow the project. That
did not happen. What happened was to pick

0:50:04.459,0:50:11.459
out the biggest releases, to release these,
to put all efforts, all resources, everything

0:50:13.369,0:50:16.369
we had into producing these releases.

0:50:16.369,0:50:21.819
>>Narrator: Other voices join in the criticism,
some through anonymous media interviews. And

0:50:21.819,0:50:27.779
now it’s Assange’s turn to look for leaks.
This is an extract from a chat between Domscheit-Berg

0:50:27.779,0:50:34.779
and Assange.

0:50:35.219,0:50:42.219
[Text Messages]

0:50:42.670,0:50:49.670
>>Daniel Bormscheit-Berg: If you preach transparency
to everyone else you have to be transparent

0:51:04.239,0:51:11.239
yourself. You have to fulfill the same standards
that you expect from others. And I think that’s

0:51:12.469,0:51:16.380
where we’ve not been heading into the same
direction philosophically anymore.

0:51:16.380,0:51:21.680
>>Narrator: The argument ends with Daniel
and several others quitting WikiLeaks.

0:51:21.680,0:51:26.689
>>Herbert Snorrason: Eventually this ended
with me arguing with Julian about basically

0:51:26.689,0:51:33.439
his dictatorial behavior. Which ended in Julian
saying to me “That if I had a problem with

0:51:33.439,0:51:36.619
him I could just piss off.”, I quote.

0:51:36.619,0:51:43.140
>>Narrator: For those who quit the organization
build up their own site on the quiet. OpenLeaks

0:51:43.140,0:51:48.199
to be run without an authoritarian editor
and serve purely as an online distribution

0:51:48.199,0:51:52.160
service helping people deliver material anonymously
to the media.

0:51:52.160,0:51:59.160
>>Daniel Domscheit-Berg: Openleaks is a technology
project that is aiming to be a service provider

0:52:00.920,0:52:05.699
for third parties that want to be able to
accept material from anonymous sources.

0:52:05.699,0:52:08.650
>>Kristinn Hrafnsson, Spokesperson WikiLeaks:
Well I’m not inclined to talk too much about

0:52:08.650,0:52:13.699
the people, the few people that have decided
that their interests are not with WikiLeaks

0:52:13.699,0:52:19.880
anymore. But what I hear is that some other
people are contemplating to open up their

0:52:19.880,0:52:26.660
own website with the same idea as WikiLeaks.
And I think that is an excellent idea and

0:52:26.660,0:52:30.539
I wish them well. I think it’s the more the
better.

0:52:30.539,0:52:35.829
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks continues to pursue
its set strategy which leads to massive media

0:52:35.829,0:52:38.609
reaction when the next part of the material
is published.

0:52:38.609,0:52:45.609
>>Ian Overton: I can’t think of any case where
a satellite news channel, the BBC radio world

0:52:47.609,0:52:54.609
service, terrestrial channels, and broadcaster
and internet are all going to go at the same

0:52:56.069,0:52:59.299
time on the story.

0:52:59.299,0:53:06.299
>>Assange, PR: This disclosure is about the
truth.

0:53:08.150,0:53:14.789
>>Several News Clips: They’re the secret files
from the Iraq war.

0:53:14.789,0:53:15.599
Internet platform WikiLeaks…

0:53:15.599,0:53:22.299
>>US Gov Employee: Well let me just say with
regards to the allegations of not intervening

0:53:22.299,0:53:25.809
when, when coming across detainee abuse. Not
True.

0:53:25.809,0:53:32.400
>>Narrator: The Iraq leaks hits the headlines
around the world. Thanks to Assange’s strategy,

0:53:32.400,0:53:39.160
the leaks have a huge impact and greatly boost
WikiLeaks’ resources. Now forty volunteers

0:53:39.160,0:53:43.640
are brought into more or less full time for
the organization with another eight hundred

0:53:43.640,0:53:50.640
people available for specific tasks. WikiLeaks
are well into planning future disclosures.

0:53:50.680,0:53:56.289
But first there is still the final part of
the US material to be released.

0:53:56.289,0:53:59.719
>>Assange: For this latest release we have
chosen a different methodology. We have tried

0:53:59.719,0:54:06.719
to pull it out over time. Rather than having
it all go out in one hit.

0:54:09.769,0:54:14.739
>>Narrator: This time however the new material
contains disclosures the consequences of which

0:54:14.739,0:54:17.430
are far harder to assess than previous releases.

0:54:17.430,0:54:24.430
>>Hillary Clinton: The United States strongly
condemns the illegal disclosure of classified

0:54:32.609,0:54:32.859
information.

0:54:32.609,0:54:39.609
>>Narrator: In a storm of criticism, WikiLeaks
are accused of threatening world peace. Are

0:54:39.779,0:54:44.959
they and their media partners sufficiently
competent to gauge the consequences of releasing

0:54:44.959,0:54:49.989
hundreds of thousands of diplomatic dispatches
covering everything from Nuclear Reactors

0:54:49.989,0:54:56.989
in Iran to Saudia Arabian domestic policy?
Or is it again a matter of the ends justifying

0:54:57.929,0:55:01.719
the means?

0:55:01.719,0:55:04.650
For Christian Whiton things are much simpler
than that.

0:55:04.650,0:55:09.759
>>Whiton: I think Mr. Assange is actually
waging political warfare too. He’s not using

0:55:09.759,0:55:16.219
weapons, but he’s not using purely soft things
either like words. He’s using information,

0:55:16.219,0:55:21.630
wielding information against us if you will.
That to me is what political warfare is.

0:55:21.630,0:55:28.630
>>Iain Overton: By and large WikiLeaks is
a force for good. Um, I think that you just

0:55:29.059,0:55:36.059
can’t be absolute on this. WikiLeaks is very,
very powerful. And I think one has to be cautious

0:55:38.099,0:55:45.099
of anything that is very, very powerful.

0:55:48.809,0:55:54.140
>>Narrator: WikiLeaks’ website may disappear
again tomorrow or it may suddenly reappear

0:55:54.140,0:55:58.900
in a thousand other locations. History is
still in the process of being written. And

0:55:58.900,0:56:04.589
the rape allegations are a long way from being
settled. One thing is clear: whatever happens,

0:56:04.589,0:56:10.160
WikiLeaks has sown a seed. A thought that
is impossible to erase. It’s about news ways

0:56:10.160,0:56:14.869
and new channels of disseminating classified
information that’ll have a profound effect

0:56:14.869,0:56:19.719
on transparency not only on the Internet,
but in a broader global dimension.

0:56:19.719,0:56:26.719
>>Daniel Bormscheit-Berg: What I really learned
in the last three years is that a difference

0:56:28.400,0:56:31.699
can be made bottom up and not only top-down.

0:56:31.699,0:56:38.699
>>Smari McCarthy: Information does not respect
borders. States are going to have to rethink

0:56:38.779,0:56:43.189
how they approach information. Any state which
fails to do this will cease to exist.

0:56:43.189,0:56:47.199
>>US Gov Employee: Well you know if we’re
going to have a military and a defense policy

0:56:47.199,0:56:52.769
it’s predicated on having information that
is controlled. Of course we’re a democracy.

0:56:52.769,0:56:57.660
We’re one of the most open countries I believe
in the history of the world. But information

0:56:57.660,0:57:01.009
has to be protected in certain circumstances
and denied to the public.

0:57:01.009,0:57:04.209
>>Kristinn Hrafnsson, WikiLeaks Spokesperson:
Democracy without transparency is not democracy,

0:57:04.209,0:57:04.630
it’s just an empty word.

0:57:04.630,0:57:05.829
[THESE SUBTITLES WERE CREATED BY MEMBERS OF
OPERATION LEAKSPIN. TO HELP SUPPORT OUR CAUSE

0:57:05.829,0:57:06.430
FOR FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, PLEASE VISIT HTTP:\/\/OPERATIONLEAKSPIN.ORG]

0:57:07.430,0:57:17.430
Downloaded From http://www.AllSubs.org

About these ads